Worried About Air Pollution? Taking B-Vitamin Supplements May Reduce Negative Effects
A research performed by the scientists at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University reveals that B-vitamin supplements may come in handy to reduce the effects of air pollution.
B-vitamin supplements are described as vitamins, which are water soluble and play an essential role in cell metabolism.
This study shows the benefits of B vitamins and how it can be effective in decreasing the harmful effects of air pollution on the epigenome. It also showcases how the health is harmed due to the epigenetic effects of air pollution.
Reports reveal about the ways through which an individual can safeguard against the adverse the effects of air pollution by taking certain preventive measures.
“Our study launches a line of research for developing preventive interventions to minimize the adverse effects of air pollution on potential mechanistic markers. Because of the central role of epigenetic modifications in mediating environmental effects, our findings could very possibly be extended to other toxicants and environmental diseases,” said Andrea Baccarelli, Chairman at the Environmental Health Sciences in Mailman School.
During the study, the investigators administered one B-vitamin supplement or placebo daily to the participants of the research.
The volunteers who took part in this study were between 18 and 60 years and all of them were healthy. All were non-smokers and were not taking any medication before the research was conducted.
What Did The Study Reveal?
The results which were obtained from the measurements that were taken before the intake of the supplement, as well as after, revealed that the median plasma absorption increased among the people who took the B vitamins. It also increased the levels of folic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6.
The people who received the placebo for the duration of four weeks had almost the same median plasma absorption. All the measurement was taken at the same time during the day.
The ambient components were taken from an area situated next to the populated street in Toronto where at least 1000 automobiles passed through every hour. These components were transported through an oxygen mask and the samples of blood were gathered and measured by making use of an Infinium Human Methylation 450K BeadChip.
Baccarelli states that regulating emission control is the most essential part of prevention. Unfortunately, rules are not that strict in other major cities of the world.
Further study is needed to record the effects of B vitamins on the adverse conditions rising from air pollution. These studies may lead to the usage of B-vitamin supplements in controlling the harmful aspects of air pollution.
The study has been published in the journal PNAS